Tasks sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction (delayed response, delayed alternation, object alternation, and Wisconsin Card Sort) were administered to 20 patients with post-acute closed-head injury (CHI). Time since injury varied (6 to 280 months; mean, 48 months), as did length of coma (2 hr to 120 days; mean, 38 days). Compared to normal controls, CHI patients showed no deficits on delayed response tasks, but were impaired on delayed alternation, object alternation, and the Wisconsin Card Sort Test. Analyses of the performance profiles of the CHI patients suggested that they may have difficulty in establishing set (a consequence of damage to the orbitofrontal system).
Pain during treatment procedures is often identified as the Nike Jordan Canada Toronto
most distressing aspect of the entire cancer experience for a child with cancer. The use of conscious sedation Air Jordan 13
may reduce this procedure-related pain and distress. A clinical practice protocol is necessary to maximize the efficacy and safety of conscious sedation use. In this article, the processes of developing and implementing a conscious sedation protocol for pediatric oncology patients undergoing painful procedures are presented. The protocol itself is included. A review of the literature on conscious Air Jordan Store Montreal
sedation is presented, and implications for pediatric oncology nursing practice are discussed.